• Last Updated on Jun 8, 2023

Kathmandu Durbar Square: An UNESCO cultural heritage sites in Kathmandu

Kathmandu Durbar Square is the core of old Kathmandu city in Basantapur, which never fails to inspire first-time guests with its complicated wood carvings and rich history. Encompassed by concrete buildings, the complex is a desert spring in a quick-creating, chaotic modern city.

Once the residence of Nepal's Royal family, all crowning ceremonies were held here. The royal residence is an amalgamation of eastern and western designs with increases by Rana and Shah Leaders throughout the hundreds of years. An incredible 50 sanctuaries exist in the region including the sanctuary of the main god, Taleju Bhawani.

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Brief History of Kathmandu Durbar Square

Sadly, there are no documents stating the history of this durbar square, but the construction of the palace is ascribed to Shankardev (1069-1083). After this, it is said that the first independent king of Kathmandu Ratna Malla built the Taleju temple on the northern side of the palace in 1501. There are no clearly stated inscriptions for the constructions of the courtyards such as Mul Chowk and Karnel Chowk courtyard. The Karnel Chowk courtyard is considered to be the oldest among all of the courtyards.

The Narayan temple now known as the Bhagwati temple was constructed originally by King Jagajaya Malla devoted to Lord Narayan. After the statue got stolen King Prithvi Narayan Shah replaced it with a new image of Goddess Bhagwati changing the name of the temple. Numerous temples were constructed during that phase such as Jagannath, Mahendreswara, and many more.

During the regime of Pratap Malla, the entire development of the square accelerated. He construed a small entrance decorated with paintings and carvings of deities and other auspicious creatures, built Hanuman-Dhoka Durbar originated from the statue of Hanuman built up by the King Pratap Malla at the passage of the regal royal residence in 1672 A.D. is now called Basantapur Durbar (palace).

The fine image of Narasinha was built during his regime along with the Sundari Chowk, Krishna temple, the Vamsa Gopala, etc. He also donated to the renovation of various old temples. At the time of the Shah Dynasty, this place observed numerous changes.

Hanuman Statue in Kathmandu Durbar Squire

The Nautale temple with four roofs was constructed during this time. It is believed to be the pleasure house of that time followed by various other architectural advances such as Gaddi baithak or Gaddi durbar, which is made in European architectural designs and other different constructions. Situated at the core of the antiquated city of Kathmandu it is surrounded by both Hindu and Buddhist sanctuaries. The vast majority of them are sculptured in the pagoda style decorated with unpredictably cut outsides just as most of the structures we see here date from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century.

The Durbar Square, with its old sanctuaries, and royal residences, embodies the religious and social existence of the general population. The interesting things to see here are Kumari Ghar (house of the living goddess), Kasthamandap (wood covered shelter), Maru Ganesh, Mahadev Temple, Shiva Parvati Temple, Bhagwati Temple, Old Royal Residence, Saraswati Sanctuary, Krishna Octangular Temple, Big Drums, Kal Bhairav, Jagannath Temple, Taleju Temple, and many more.

Some interesting facts about Kathmandu Durbar Square

  • Kathmandu Durbar Square is comprised of two sub-regions. The external complex is prestigious for various intriguing sanctuaries such as Kumari Ghar, Kasthamandap, Shiv-Parvati Temple, Jagannath Temple, Big Bell, and so on, while the inward intricate involves the old royal residence region, Hanuman-Dhoka, and its courts as Nasal Chowk, Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk, Basantapur Durbar and other.
  • Other than the magnificent temple and hallowed places, it has other fascinating viewpoints which are differentially celebrated cultural activities and traditions followed by individuals for hundreds of years, which are exhibited in Durbar Square.
  • The main festivals that are celebrated here are Indra Jatra, Dashain, Gaijatra, Machchhindra-Nath Jatra, etc…. These are the event when the general population from everywhere throughout the city assemble here to stamp their hundreds of years old customs. All the carvings and design around there are incredibly fine, which make the engineering in this Hanuman-Dhoka Durbar square among the most significant sights for explorers to see.

Things to see in Kathmandu Durbar Square

Wandering around Durbar Palace

Various Hindu and Buddhist sanctuary is dating as far back as the twelfth century. Shockingly, a seismic tremor has crushed southern premises, where havens and structures were stranded. Redesign works are being held so that Basantapur would ascend as previously.

Strolling around the maze of Thangka arts

Have you at any point been intrigued by moved-up artistic creations of Buddha divinity, scene, or mandala? They are irregular depictions; not shielded underneath the casings but rather protected in either silk or cotton appliqué. Get enamored inside the illumination way of Buddha and Bodhisattvas. Basantapur is charmed by a lot more Thangka looks around.

Exploring the old cities

Aside from the chronicled touring, explore each edge of the path and get vindicated with thin, swarmed, and business areas road. At Makhan Tole, on the northeastern corner of Durbar Square, head along Siddhidas Marg to the flooding business segment square of Indra Chowk, where five lanes blend. Continue straight along Siddhidas Marg to Kel Tole, which has a standout amongst Kathmandu's most extravagant sanctuaries – the Seto Machhendranath Temple. Advance along Siddhidas Marg, and you will get snared in Ason's busiest hurdles.

Getting acquainted with temples

Kathmandu Durbar Square is stacked with previous Malla and Shah Dynasty heaps. A giant idol of Kal Bhairav, once a year opening in Taleju Temple, the ponder of Kasthamandap, activities fascinate from Maru Ganesha, Vishnu asylum called Trailokya Mohan Narayan, Sano Pashupatinath, Hanuman Statue, a tremendous chime, Courtyard of Kumari Bahal, a haven of Narasimha known as Dhansa and some more.

Recent news about Kathmandu Durbar Square

A monstrous seismic tremor on 25th April 2015 had destroyed several relics of Basantapur. On Saturday morning, a 7.9 extent seismic tremor hit Nepal, obliterating the capital of Kathmandu and making inestimable harm to homes and organizations.

And how reconstruction work is going on and hopefully, it will be completed soon, and the Kathmandu Durbar Squire will be in its old position soon.


A visit to Kathmandu Durbar Squire is included in the Half Day tour of Kathmandu, Full Day Kathmandu Tour, Taste of Nepal Tour, Glimpse of Nepal Tour, and most of the trek package under Outfitter Himalaya.

Arjun Rijal

Arjun Rijal

Hello, Hi & Namaste from the Himalayas !!!

I am Arjun Rijal, Founder Director of the Outfitter Himalaya Holidays P. Ltd & working as a travel planner/consultant for Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet Travel. I love hiking, trekking, and traveling.

I have been in most of the trekking regions in Nepal, that include Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Base camp, Annapurna Circuit, Manaslu, and Langtang. I also have travelled to Bhutan, India & planning further travel to many other countries in the world.

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