• Last Updated on Jun 8, 2023

Swayambhunath Stupa: Cultural Heritage site in Kathmandu

Swayambhunath Stupa is one of the world's most great Buddhist Chaityas, which is said to be 2000 years of age. Painted on the four sides of the spire bases are the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha. It is located 3 km west of Kathmandu city and is arranged on a hillock of about 77m.

Situated on a lovely little hill rock, Swayambhunath Stupa was built around 250 B.C. For the most part, a heavenly commemoration site Stoup represents typical Buddhist engineering. The white dome is related to an unblemished pure gem of Nirvana, and a thirteen-layered golden spire fit as a fiddle surmounted on the arch. Underneath this transcending structure are a couple of all-powerful eyes of Buddha painted on each of the four sides of the Stupa.

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A brief history of Swayambhunath Stupa

There are a lot of oral stories regarding the history of Swayambhunath Stupa. Both old sacred writings and authentic proof express that Kathmandu Valley was once submerged in water more than 2,000 years ago. Buddhist folklore says that from this lake a single lotus blossom emerged. The valley at that point ended up known as Swayambhu or "self-made" or "self-existent one".

A second legend recounts a sanctuary that sprang from a lake that had an unceasing fire over, which Swayambhunath was then constructed. A third legend says that Manjushree uses his sword to crack open a mountain letting the lake waters stream out and uncover the valley. The stupa at that point ascended from the previously mentioned lotus. There is a written testament that proposes King Vasudeva (Vyasadeva) constructed the sanctuary here at the beginning of the fifth century.

Dipankar Buddha in Swayambhunath Stupa

There is likewise a harmed stone tablet at the site, which affirms that King Mānadeva had done work here in 640 CE. What known is that Swayambhu most likely been emerged from a progression of littler sanctuaries on the slope. These little sanctuaries at long last converged into the large stupa that we see today. It's said that Pratap Malla constructed the long stairs that prompt the stupa during the seventeenth century. In all cases, the Swayambhu stupa is perceived as the most impressive stupa in Nepal.

Interesting facts about Swayambhunath Stupa

  • Swayambhunath Stupa is one of the biggest stupas on the planet, estimating nearly 100 meters in width and 40 meters in height. On the off chance that you get the opportunity to visit the Patan Museum in Patan Durbar Square, you'll have an opportunity to see relative models of different stupas (a.k.a. chaityas), that frame some portion of a far-reaching show on the stupa.
  • In reality, regardless of whether it is the model or a genuine article, this world legacy landmark is a grand sight. Not just that, the zone in which it is found, that is Swayambhu, was once practically like a kingdom in itself.

Buddha Statue in Swayambhunath Stupa

  • Swayambhunath got its another famous name "Monkey Temple" because Manjushree, the bodhisattva of intelligence, and training was raised on the hill, which the Swayambhu Temple presently remains. There is one more interesting story about the stupa that once the head lice changed into the monkeys that presently live around the sanctuary.
  • Things You Would See Around Swayambhunath Stupa
  • Down a trip of ventures from Shantipur is a gathering of small stupas, a ringer, and the world harmony lake. To the back of the lake is a small wood. Then inverse the world harmony lake is the side access to the stupa complex.
  • Simply up the slope is Wochen Thokjay Choeling Monastery. In the interim outside the stupa's side passageway is the regular history exhibition hall, and further along, the street Buddha Park, which contains some noteworthy humongous Buddha statues. For day-trippers or those needing to make the most out of their visit, it's profoundly recommended you found out about the structures and privileged insights around Swayambhunath.

Things To Do Near Swayambhunath Stupa

  • There's a whole other world to do around Swayambhunath than most manuals let you know. Typically, it's a 1-hour stumble on a visit. Benefit from your extra charge by getting the best manual for Nepal. Here are only a couple of highlights.
  • Climb the full 365 steps to the top and take a breather up to appreciate the little stupas and monkeys, and watch vendors' costs going up!
  • Circle the stupa at the very top (clockwise)
  • Do visit the little sanctuaries and holy places around the main stupa.
  • Visit one of the many singing bowl stores in the back lanes at the best, and enjoy the sights of Kathmandu from there.
  • On the off chance that you have time stroll down the stairs behind the stupa to the world peace pond.
  • To the back is a Buddha Park while towards the south is a characteristic history historical center.
  • There's additionally a religious community close to the best behind harmony lake too.

Be careful with the monkeys - they take sustenance, and sparkly items and will take things from your hand or pack! Moreover, be careful with trinket store, which can cost around Swayambhunath - Nrs 200 singing bowl may set you back Nrs 2,000 here.


A visit to Swayambhunath Stupa is included in Kathmandu Half Day tour or Kathmandu Full Day Tour, Taste of Nepal Tour, Spirit of Nepal, Glimpse of Nepal Tour and most of the trek package under Outfitter Himalaya.

Arjun Rijal

Arjun Rijal

Hello, Hi & Namaste from the Himalayas !!!

I am Arjun Rijal, Founder Director of the Outfitter Himalaya Holidays P. Ltd & working as a travel planner/consultant for Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet Travel. I love hiking, trekking, and traveling.

I have been in most of the trekking regions in Nepal, that include Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Base camp, Annapurna Circuit, Manaslu, and Langtang. I also have travelled to Bhutan, India & planning further travel to many other countries in the world.

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